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Feasibility Study on Rural Water Infrastructure

Preethikha S., Karthigai Priya T.


Water is the basic element for human survival and development, and access to safe drinking water has been a vital national goal in rural areas. Sufficient, safe, continuously-available drinking water services are important for human health, well-being and development. In the rural regions of India, due to the drought climate, scarce water resources, economic status and technology, the problem of drinking water has been seriously endangered the health of the people, and hindered the development of the socio-economic status of people. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require nations to ensure adequate and safe water supply for all. The objective of the paper is to assess the current water supply status and the water quality in rural study area with various types of water supply. The water sample of various available sources is collected and tested for its quality.  Further the study was performed by means of questionnaire. The results from the study is seen as initial guidelines that can help to formulate strategies and to perform a feasibility study to select an appropriate and sustainable technique for providing safe drinking through adopting low cost technique with less dependency on labour so that the cost of supply is also minimum and affordable. A Simple and inexpensive, on-site water filtration technology is proposed for removal of micro-organisms that pose significant health risks in underdeveloped, rural areas. Thus, this study proposes an effective filtration technique for providing drinking water for rural household at affordable cost and with long term sustainability.

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